Fior di Battaglia: MS Ludwig XV 13 – J. Paul Getty Museum Fior di Battaglia: M. – Pierpoint Morgan Library Flos Duellatorum: Pisani-Dossi MS -Private. The Flower of Battle (Flos Duellatorum in Latin or Fior di Battaglia in Italian) XV 13; Morgan Library M; a copy privately held by the Pisani-Dossi family; and. Aug 16, Flos Duellatorum (“The Flower of Battle”, Pisani-Dossi MS) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de’i Liberi and dated 10 February

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It is referred to as the Pisani-Dossi manuscript for the last collection it was a part of before its disappearance. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat Beyond this, nothing certain is known of Fiore’s activities in the 15th century. Retrieved 12 November The major sections of the work include: Other archived documents suggest that Fiore was also in Padua in and Pavia inbut further detailed examination of these instances is beyond the scope of this paper.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M) ~ Wiktenauer ~☞ Insquequo omnes gratuiti fiant

Fiore writes of his students and their feats of arms, with an obvious omission of Nicolo III from the list of his students. This paper will explore the man who bore the name Fiore and conduct a brief comparative analysis of the three versions xuellatorum the treatise. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Upon his honorable retirement inhe complied with the request of his duelltorum to compile a book on the art of the duel, in order that his vast experience might be preserved to future generations.

The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe. Interestingly, there is no mention of the Marquis de Ferrera in the Morgan’s prologue, in fact, there is no mention of anyone who may be interepreted as being Fiore’s Patron. Based on Fiore’s autobiographical account, he can duuellatorum be placed in Perosa Perugia in when Piero del Verde likely fought a duel with Pietro della Corona Peter Kornwald.

Presumably, he died sometime between and Middle ItalianRenaissance Latin. After the scholars lfos is typically a master called “Contrario” counterwearing both crown and garter, who demonstrates how to counter the master’s remedy and those of his scholarswho is likewise sometimes followed by his own scholars in garters. And in that pass I cross beating the sword to you Duellatroum find you revealed and of wounding you I will make certain. You do things that have no place in words.

The exact citations are:. Its prologue duellatorjm quite unlike the other two versions, in that it completely devoid of any description of the feats of arms of Fiore’s students, and mentions Fiore’s career as 50 years as opposed to 40 years in the other two versions. The figures are accompanied by text that is often identical duellatrum that of the Ms.


This is the current configuration of the manuscript; for a speculative reconstruction of its original state, see Fior di Battaglia MS M.

Jixiao XinshuMuyejebo.

Fior di Battaglia (MS M.383)

I accrease the foot that is forward a little out of the way and with the left I pass to the side traverse. It can be argued that such a personal detail would hardly succumb to such an obvious error, and therefore, one can postulate that the Pisani-Dossi version was composed approximately 5 to 10 years after the completion of the Getty’s and Morgan’s versions, meaning the Getty’s and the Morgan’s versions were written sometime after the turn of the 14 th century.

The Flos Duellatorum is the name given to one of the manuscript versions of Fiore dei Liberi ‘s illuminated manuscript fight bookwritten in dated to in the old reckoning.

The text takes the form of descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse, [32] which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

DiplomatFencing masterMercenary. Fiore wrote that he had a natural inclination to the martial arts and began training at a young age, ultimately studying with “countless” masters from both the Italian and German parts of the Holy Roman Empire. Reproduction of material from this site without written permission of The Association for Renaissance Martial Arts and its respective duuellatorum is strictly prohibited. The briefest version of the text is dated to and indicates that it was a labor of six months and duellatorkm personal effort; [6] as evidence suggests that two longer versions were composed some time before this, [28] we may assume that he devoted a considerable amount of time to writing during this decade.

In the text he states he took part in numerous battles in and around Italy for the last 20 years of the 14th century, including, in he fought in Udine, fighting on the side of the town during the civil war. Spear and dagger vs. The general thinking as to why the Morgan’s is so much shorter than the other two, was that it was probable that the manuscript was not completed due to lack of funds or events which precluded its completion. Sword in Armor by Fiore de’i Liberi.

Lat ” Morgna. Depending on the instance, this may either be intentional or merely an error in the art. Very little is known of the master swordsman “Fiore dei Liberi da Premmariacco” except what he describes of himself in his prologue. The duel was to consist of three bouts of mounted lance followed by three bouts each of dismounted poleaxeestocand dagger.


The body of the text consists of four to six illustrations per page, each with only a brief couplet or quatrain to explain it. Look at them I pray to you, and therefore with the sword of one hand I will make my art.

Though he attributes these facts to Novati, no publication verifying them has yet been located. Thanks is given to the various members of The Exiles who have assisted in the practical implementation and refinement of this project. In the Pisani-Dossi prologue, in the ” alter prologus ” section of the prologue, the phrase ” This commercial edition will clarify several key points, errors, and mistranslations that exist in current modern Italian interpretations.

The format of instruction is largely consistent across all copies of the treatise.

Fiore dei Liberi was born in Cividale del Friulia town in the Patriarchal State of Aquileia in the Friuli region of modern-day Italy, the son of Benedetto and scion of a Liberi house of Premariacco. He stated that he had been training and fighting for more than 40 years 8and given the timing when he started writing the treatise on 10 February, and the assumption that he started training and fencing at the age of 10 years, would make Fiore somewhere around sixty years of age at the time of writing the treatise.

Despite the depth and complexity of his writings, Fiore dei Liberi does not seem to have been a very influential master in the development of Italian fencing. That field was instead dominated by the tradition of his near-contemporary the Bolognese master Filippo di Bartolomeo Dardi.

Even so, there are a number of later treatises which bear strong resemblance to his work, including duellaotrum writings of Philippo di Vadi and Ludwig VI von Eyb of Hartenstein. No other details describing the duels were included in the prologue of either version nor any external references describing these duels have been found to date. Galeazzo made the challenge when Boucicaut called into question the valor of Italians at the royal court of France, and the duel was ultimately set for Padua on 15 August.

And if a spear or sword is thrown at me, I will beat them all like I have said passing out of the way. Despite its shared characteristics with the Ms.

The following are some specifics which will aid in the ensuing discussion.