Title, The Curriculum American education: its men, ideas, and institutions. Series II · The Houghton Mifflin Professional Library for Teachers and Students of. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. CURRICULUM THEORISTS: FRANKLIN BOBBITT 1 CURRICULUM THEORISTS : FRANKLIN BOBBITT Franklin Bobbitt and Ralph Tyler have been considered.

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Skip to main content. Log Fraknlin Sign Up. Their contributions to the field of curriculum theory helped lay the foundation for curriculum instruction, curricular planning as it is now known today. It later came to be known as the Tyler Rationale due to its detailed explanations given to viewing, analyzing and interpreting the curriculum of an cyrriculum.

I will also lay out the basic assumptions made in his initial principles boobbitt his work that lack at times specificity and contain notable flaws in those very same assumptions. In this study Bobbitt found the curriculum existing at that time as incomplete. According to Bobbitt Prior to this Bobbitt was awarded his Ph. In a article entitled: He felt it would be better to have schools open on Saturdays, Sundays and even in summer.

Bobbitt insisted on re-evaluating underperforming English programs and opening up the school curricu,um to the community at large. In another article entitled: In Bobbitt published an article entitled: It was initially created as an instructional manual for teacher training in curriculum theory and design. In this work Bobbitt emphasizes three core concepts that were indicative of a well- designed curriculum plan: Effectiveness, efficiency and economy.

He cites a good example of what task analysis could accomplish by looking at a study on the grammatical mistakes made by school children Charters, He was concerned with the processes and errors in other fields besides franklln field of education and used this information to make a more suitable curriculum for its intended course or program. Bobbitt was not frank,in an academic, but a school planner as well.

While teaching at the University of Chicago he undertook surveys of school systems where he took a critical assessment of the schools dranklin and placed heavy emphasis on its core curricula. Besides his influential book The Curriculum he also published another famous frannklin entitled: How to Make a Curriculum Taylor had developed the concept of scientific management predicated on the idea of the workplace on how it might relate to greater efficiency.

The Curriculum

Taylor insisted the scientific management system he had developed was intended to guide those in the industry towards a firm control of frsnklin factories division of labor with an eye towards mass production, effectiveness, and efficiency Taylor, How does one develop a genuine feeling of membership in a social group, whether large or small? There seems to be but one method and that is, to think and feel and ACT with the group as a part of it as it performs its activities and strives to attain its ends.


Individuals are fused into coherent small groups, discordant small groups are fused into the large internally-cooperating group, when they curriculm together for common ends, with common vision and with united judgement p. This sentiment was not singularly felt at that present time in America. The emerging fields of sociology, psychology and education were emerging in their own rights and as a result this intellectual sentiment was viewed as a norm during this progressive period in our American history.

The ideas at this time resonated with the idea that the curriculum that reaches the learner the most efficiently and had the most lasting effect was a well-designed curriculum.

In other words the curriculum itself would be a more representative guide for that particular student. The first stage would be to analyze the total range of human abilities, habits, systems of knowledge that one should possess. Finally, stage three would be to recognize the multiple objectives and goals that exists and to strive and attain as many as possible.

The school is bobbittt an agency of social reform.

The Curriculum – John Franklin Bobbitt – Google Books

It is not directly concerned with improving society. Its responsibility is to help the growing individual continuously and consistently to hold to the type of human living which is the best practical one for him. But this improvement is not a thing directly aimed at. It is only a by-product p.

As Apple and other noted scholars have suggested, it was his tone and forcefulness of his writing which gave one the feeling that he was ultimately conservative by character. He felt that it would not be beneficial to involve the state or the nation in designing or planning a curriculum for its district constituencies.

Bobbitt felt that the larger the scope of the curriculum, the less useful obbbitt would be in a school or particular classroom Bobbitt, Bobbitt also did not take into account that not all teachers are created alike. As experience has shown, there are poorly skilled teachers as well as highly skilled teachers in every school and its associated xurriculum.

By having a state standardized scripted curriculum, it in effect, stems poor performing teachers from giving poorly scripted lesson plans not properly aligned with other schools curriculums.

The Curriculum : Franklin Bobbitt : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

Ultimately, having a standardized curriculum allows for equal opportunity for all of the students. By doing this the students themselves will be compared to the same standards via the same curriculum. If this were not the case then every school districts demand in regards to curriculum, scope and sequence, and lesson plans would be unequal and benchmarks would not essentially exist.


In his paper Bode goes on to state: How such analysis are to be made unless we know in advance which persons are good citizens, good parents, and true believers is not clear.

It is assumed that if we dug up the facts by means of scientific analysis, the appropriate ideals will come to the surface too. But this simply means that science, like patriotism, may be used as a cover for prejudice and as an obstacle to progress p. Because without this assumption the scientific analysis he was promoting would be undermined if this were not to be the case.

Its underlying foundation presumes that the cogs of the school machinery operate efficiently and effortlessly without any breakdown in reaching its goals and objectives in creating the school curriculum. Instead it was the fact that he overlooked the psychological character of man. This progressive sentiment is echoed via Melby It assumes that we shall choose such bodies of experience as will contribute to the growth of an individual child.

Even the evidentialists of this period like Robert Maynard Hut believed that his methodology was unsound. They could not support or buy into the notion of social analysis and its associated scientific methodology.

Franklin Bobbitt (1876–1956) – Social Efficiency Movement, Bobbitt’s Contribution

As a result his obsessiveness with the intricacies associated with the merging of the scientific method and curriculum design led him away from other conceptual difficulties inherent in the dynamics of the classroom. Since his curriculum design ideas were so unique it was evident that he never did spend considerable time on other bobbbitt scholarly work.

Even though Bobbitt tried in vain to develop a quintessential vision of what curriculum should look like he did not seem to realize that many of the objectives and goals he set for the implementation of a rigorous curriculum-based design led many teachers bobbigt to move away from his vision of curriculum theory and into the party of the progressive movement.

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