Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . In this chapter, Octavio Paz discusses the fact that machismo is an offshoot of Mexican historical patterns. He relates . The symbol of this violation is doña Malinche, the mistress of Cortés. When we shout “¡Viva México, hijos de la chingada!. all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria Anzaldúa.

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Vivir a solas, sin testigos. And, at the same time, as a search, a desire to transcend this state of exile. If we take into account all of its various meanings, the word defines a great part of our life and qualifies our relationships with octavip friends and compatriots.

Nevertheless, it would be a mistake to use these analogies to explain that devotion to Christ, just as it would be to attribute that devotion to a mere survival of the cult of the sons of df. He must live alone, without witnesses. The same can be said of indigenist propaganda, which is also supported by fanatical criollos and mestizos, while the Indians have never al it the slightest attention.

The exception is that the heroic cycle does not end with his death: Y en un mundo de chingones, de relaciones duras, presididas por la violencia y el recelo, en el que nadie se abre ni se raja y todos quieren chingar, las ideas y el trabajo cuentan poco.

To discover it would mean nothing less than to return to our origins, to reunite ourselves with our ancestry, to break out malinxhe our solitude.

If the Chingada is a representation of the violated Mother, it is appropriate to associate her with the Conquest, which was also a violation, not only in the historical sense but also in the very flesh of Indian women. Once again we see the opposition of the closed and the open. In the struggle which our will-to-be carries on against them, they are supported by a secret and powerful ally, our fear of being.


History, which could not tell us anything about the nature of our feelings and conflicts, can now show us how that break came about and how we have attempted to transcend our solitude.

These feelings are common to all men and there is nothing specifically Mexican in them. They are all machos, chingones. Or to put it another way: They are the hijos de la chingada: Each keeps watch over the other because every companion could also be a traitor.

It is not only because of simple phonetic association that we compare it with China, for China is also immense and remote. Only when they are alone, during the great moments of life, do they dare to show themselves as they really are. Esto es, todos aquellos quo no son lo que nosotros somos. A mysterious ring separates itself immediately from the generic ring; it acquires a life of its own and ceases to be an object.

Our courtesy may be attractive but our reserve is chilling, and the stranger is always disconcerted by the unforeseen violence that lacerates us, by the solemn or convulsive splendor of our fiestas, by our cult of death.

The Labyrinth of Solitude – Wikipedia

And like any object in the business world, he can be bought and sold. Unpredictability adds another element to the character of the macho. El terror obedece al mismo principio. The anecdote about the man who “cured” the headache of a drinking companion by emptying his pistol into his head is well known.

But he is also the lord of the lightning bolt and the whip; he is the tyrant, the ogre who devours life. La chingada, la hembra, la pasividad pura, inerme ante el exterior. En esta esfera es imposible escindir causas y efectos. In Colombia chingarse means to be disappointed.

They constitute a sacred language like those of children, poetry and sects. This explains the success of the contemptuous adjective malinchista recently put into circulation by the newspapers to denounce all those who have been corrupted by foreign influences.

Es probable su procedencia azteca: Frente a ellos el mexicano es singularmente pulcro. Finally, there ds no especial veneration for God the Father in the Trinity.

The idea of breaking, of ripping open, appears in a great many of these expressions. The relationship between them is violent, and it is determined by the cynical power of the first and the impotence of the second. O los cambiamos a nuestros aliados o enemigos por otros objetos. Al esculpirlas, se esculpe. Nonfiction, Octavio Paz Module Title: But a difference separates us.


This separation was a necessary and inevitable act, because every life that is truly autonomous begins as a break with its family and its past. That is why the feeling of orphanhood is the constant background of our political endeavors and our personal conflicts. In lieu of a closer examination of the problem, we will suggest that the liberal Reform movement of the middle of the last century seems to be the moment when the Mexican decided to break with his traditions, which is a form of breaking with oneself.

We know that the Conquest coincided with the apogee of the cult of two masculine divinities: Solitude, the source of anxiety, begins on the day we are deprived of maternal protection and fall into a strange and hostile world.


The forbidden words boil up in us, just as our emotions boil up. Las malas palabras hierven en nuestro interior, como hierven malinchr sentimientos. Se originaron en la Conquista, en la Colonia, en la Independencia o en las guerras sostenidas contra yanquis y franceses. It is a hollow word. Treachery, loyalty, crime and love hide out in the depths of our glance.

Servants, slaves or races victimized by an outside power the North American Negro, for example struggle against a concrete reality. The fervor of the cult of God the Son would seem to be explained, at first glance, as an inheritance from the pre-Hispanic religions. After some editions included the essay “Post data”, which discusses the massacre of hundreds of Mexican students in History, which could not tell us anything about the nature of our feelings oxtavio conflicts, can now show us how that break came about and how we have attempted to transcend our solitude.